The agency wanted to show us that research missions to planets traversing the solar system and their moons make sense. Excellent evidence of this is the image taken by the Gemini North Telescope in Hawaii and the Juno spacecraft orbiting Jupiter. In the first image, we can only see the outline of the dense atmosphere of the largest planet of the solar system, but the Juno probe shows us the incredible details of the cyclone's interior.
It was inside one of such cyclones that the famous Galileo probe burned in 2003. These objects have been known to astronomers since 1995, but only now can we study them with such amazing precision. It is worth adding here that these are the most dynamically changing areas of the planet. Winds blowing in them reach even 400 km / h.
NASA scientists recently revealed that lightning strikes also occur in these cyclones. They are of a slightly different nature from those on Earth. At high altitudes, ammonia counteracts freezing by reducing the melting point of ice and allowing the formation of ammonia clouds. The falling droplets interact with the ice crystals web engineering online generate electric charges.
The Juno spacecraft was supposed to burn in Jupiter's atmosphere in September of this year, but NASA extended its mission until 2025. In the coming years, close flights are planned around Ganymede, Europa and Io, the largest moons of this gas giant. These icy worlds may be home to some form of life, perhaps even biological. Hopefully their research will help us answer some important questions related to them.
Interestingly, in 2023, the Europa Clipper mission, supervised by the US Space Agency, will also set off towards the icy moons of Jupiter. It will allow us to learn a lot more about the surroundings of the largest planet in the solar system, and the most about the moon called Europa. Europa Clipper will take over the research work from Juno, so that we will be able to observe Jupiter continuously for at least 10 years.